Soldat Dieter is a Heer soldier under the command of Leutnant Hans von Witzland. He is killed by. The following other wikis use this file: Usage on greenvalleyweavers.com Battle of Stalingrad · Junkers Ju Usage on. Die Schlacht von Stalingrad ist eine der bekanntesten Schlachten des Zweiten Weltkriegs. Die Vernichtung der deutschen 6. Armee und verbündeter Truppen.
Stalingrad (Begriffsklärung)Soldat Dieter is a Heer soldier under the command of Leutnant Hans von Witzland. He is killed by. „Persons Battle of Stalingrad“ (nl.) This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors). Er zählt zu den nur Überlebenden dieser Armee, die in der Schlacht von Stalingrad unterging. Er überlebte mehrere Verwundungen, Krankheiten und 15.
Wiki Stalingrad Navigationsmenü VideoStalingrad Part 2 of 3 Audiobook FULL by Atony Bevoor Stalingrad is a German anti-war film directed by Joseph Vilsmaier. The movie follows a platoon of German Army soldiers transferred to Russia during World War II, where they ultimately find themselves fighting in the Battle of Stalingrad. The film is the second German movie to portray the Battle of Stalingrad. In the Battle of Stalingrad (23 August – 2 February ), Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia. Marked by fierce close-quarters combat and direct assaults on civilians in air raids, it is one of the bloodiest battles in the history of warfare, with an. The Battle of Stalingrad (Russian: Сталинградская битва) was one of the most pivotal military battles of World War II. The battle was fought from August 23, to February 2, German troops were decimated by the defending Soviets in the battle which involved more personnel than any other battle of the war. The Battle of Stalingrad was fought during the Second World War between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. They were fighting for control of the city of Stalingrad. The battle was fought between 23 August and 2 February It was one of the most important battles of the war because it marked the end of Germany's advances. Volgograd formerly called Tsaritsyn (–) and Stalingrad (–) is an industrial city of great importance and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. It is 80 km long, north to south, on the western bank of the Volga River and has a population of over millon people. What links here Related changes Upload file Wiki Stalingrad pages Permanent link Page information Cite this page Wikidata item. New York: Longman, paperback, ISBN Wdr Moritz Und Martina The outer belt of mm inclined armor continues, but behind that there are additional bulkheads with the same incline protecting the magazines. Januar die Aufforderung der sowjetischen Seite zur Kapitulation ab. Alexeyevsky Bykovsky Chernyshkovsky Danilovsky Dubovsky Watch Scandal Online Free Gorodishchensky Ilovlinsky Kalachyovsky Kamyshinsky Bitten Online Schauen Kletsky Kotelnikovsky Kotovsky Kumylzhensky Leninsky Mikhaylovsky Nekhayevsky Nikolayevsky Novoanninsky Novonikolayevsky Oktyabrsky Olkhovsky Pallasovsky Rudnyansky Serafimovichsky Sredneakhtubinsky Staropoltavsky Surovikinsky Svetloyarsky Uryupinsky Yelansky Zhirnovsky. Kommissar Maigret Die Falle Stream Eis auf der Wolga war nur in den Randbereichen durchgängig, die Eisdecke nicht tragfähig. January 31, Anthem: none . Lost Victories: The War Memoirs of Hitler's Most Brilliant General. Die deutsche Luftflotte 4 warf insgesamt ungefähr eine Million Bomben mit Vincent Berlin Tag Und Nacht Gesamtgewicht von
Um die Weder die Rote Armee noch die Deutschen nahmen auf die Zivilbevölkerung Rücksicht. Zahlreiche Einwohner mussten in Erdlöchern wohnen.
August , als deutsche Vorauskommandos nördlich von Stalingrad zur Wolga durchbrachen, verhängte das sowjetische Oberkommando auf Weisung Stalins den Belagerungszustand über die Stadt.
Ab diesem Tag lag die Verantwortung für die unmittelbare Verteidigung der Stadt bei Generaloberst Andrei Jerjomenko, der nach Gordows Abberufung auf Stalins persönliche Weisung hin die Organisation und Leitung der sowjetischen Stalingrader Front übernommen hatte.
Als politischer Kommissar stand ihm Nikita Chruschtschow und als Generalstabschef Generalmajor I. Warennikow zur Seite. Der von Stalin am Juli ausgegebene Befehl Nr.
September verlangte Hitler von Paulus die Einnahme Stalingrads. Nach der Verhängung des Belagerungszustands wurde Generalleutnant A.
Lopatin als Oberbefehlshaber der Armee übergangsweise durch den Generalstabschef N. Krylow abgelöst und durch Generalleutnant Wassili Tschuikow ersetzt.
General Lopatin hatte bezweifelt, die Stadt gegen die deutschen Truppen entsprechend Stalins Befehl halten zu können. Die Führung der Armee, welche Tschuikow bis 4.
August innehatte, wurde bereits an General M. Schumilow übertragen. Dabei ging die Infanterie-Division gegen den Mamajew-Hügel und die Infanterie-Division gegen den Stalingrader Hauptbahnhof und den zentralen Fähranleger in der Innenstadt vor.
Das im Norden der Stadt eingesetzte deutsche XIV. Panzerkorps Panzer-, Division hatte die Aufgabe, am östlichen Ende des Kotluban-Korridor zwischen Don und Wolga gegen die mehrfachen Angriffe der sowjetischen 1.
Gardearmee , der Armee Generalleutnant A. Schadow zu sichern. Schon am folgenden Tag wurde der Kommandierende General von Wietersheim von Hitler abgesetzt, weil er vorgeschlagen hatte, die verlustreichen Angriffe auf Stalingrad überhaupt abzubrechen.
Der neue Befehlshaber Generalmajor Hans-Valentin Hube befahl am September einen neuen Angriff im Orlowka-Frontvorsprung, der schnell zusammenbrach, so dass ihm die Infanteriedivision als Verstärkung zugeführt werden mussten.
Gegenüber der sowjetischen Danilow hielt das VIII. Armeekorps General der Artillerie Heitz mit der Infanterie-Division den Don-Abschnitt zwischen Schischikin und Kotluban.
Je weiter das deutsche LI. Armeekorps in die innere Stadt vordrang, desto heftiger fiel der sowjetische Widerstand aus.
Die sowjetischen Verteidiger verwandelten jedes Schützenloch, jedes Haus und jede Kreuzung in eine Festung. September traf als Verstärkung die Garde-Schützendivision unter Generalmajor Rodimzew ein, um den weiteren deutschen Vormarsch aufzuhalten.
September erreichte auch die September verblieb der hart umkämpfte Mamajew-Hügel auf der Nordwestseite in deutschem Besitz, nur der Osthang wurde von der Schützen-Division gehalten.
September war der Orlowka-Frontvorsprung abgetrennt, die eingeschlossenen Sowjetverbände kämpften bis zur eigenen Vernichtung. Ende September verlagerte das Oberkommando der 6.
Armee den Angriffsschwerpunkt in die Industriekomplexe im Norden der Stadt. Die Schützendivision löste die Gardeschützen-Division auf dem Mamajew-Hügel ab.
Den deutschen Einheiten gelang es erst im Rahmen der Operation Hubertus 9. November , die fast völlig zerstörte Stadt nahezu vollständig unter ihre Kontrolle zu bringen, was von Hitler in seiner Rede im Löwenbräukeller vom 8.
Armee unter Generalleutnant Tschuikow hielt nur noch einen schmalen, wenige hundert Meter breiten Streifen an der Wolga sowie kleine Teile im Norden der Stadt.
Durch die am Morgen des Armee , sowie der Stalingrader Front unter Andrei Iwanowitsch Jerjomenko die im Südosten bei der rumänischen 4.
Armee durchgebrochen waren, innerhalb von fünf Tagen eingeschlossen. Hierzu traten zunächst aus dem Don- Brückenkopf von Serafimowitsch die 5. Panzerarmee General Romanenko sowie aus dem Brückenkopf von Kletskaja die Armee ab Oktober unter Generalleutnant Tschistjakow jeweils zum Durchbruch nach Süden an.
Die ihnen gegenüber stehende rumänische 3. Armee General Petre Dumitrescu konnte sich nicht lange halten, da sie eine überdehnte Flanke sichern sollte und dafür ungenügend ausgerüstet war.
So verfügten diese Verbände zur Abwehr der sowjetischen Panzer überwiegend über von Pferdegespannen gezogene 3,7-cm-PaK , welche gegen die sowjetischen T -Panzer praktisch wirkungslos waren.
Hinter der rumänischen 3. Armee befand sich das XXXXVIII. Panzerkorps , bestehend aus der Auf Befehl Hitlers wurde es den sowjetischen Truppen entgegengeworfen, um die Situation zu stabilisieren.
Das Panzerkorps, primär ausgerüstet mit völlig veralteten tschechischen Panzerkampfwagen 38 t , lag in Ställen und Scheunen in Bereitstellung.
November begann auch im Süden Stalingrads der Angriff durch die Armee General Tolbuchin der Stalingrader Front Jerjomenko. Das sowjetische Panzerkorps Generalmajor T.
Violent fighting to attack the Germans began. Operation Winter Storm Operation Wintergewitter , the German attempt to rescue the trapped army from the south, was at first successful.
Some German officers asked Paulus go against Hitler's orders and try to escape out of the Stalingrad. Paulus refused.
On 23 December, Manstein's forces had to defend themselves from new Soviet attacks. On 16 December, the Soviets launched Operation Little Saturn.
It attempted to make a hole through the Axis army mainly Italians on the Don and capture Rostov. The Germans set up a defence of small units.
The German attempt to break through to Stalingrad was stopped and Army Group A was told to come back from the Caucasus.
The 6th Army could no longer hope to escape. The 6th Army did not have enough fuel. As well, the German soldiers have found it very hard to break through the Soviet lines on foot in the cold winter conditions.
The Germans retreated from the suburbs of Stalingrad to the city itself. The Germans were now not only starving, but running out of ammunition.
They continued to fight because they thought the Soviets would execute any Germans who surrendered. Paulus was ordered not to surrender by Hitler, so he did not respond.
On 30 January , the 10th anniversary of Hitler coming to power, Goebbels said "The heroic struggle of our soldiers on the Volga should be a warning for everybody Since no German Field Marshal had ever been taken prisoner, Hitler assumed that Paulus would fight on or kill himself.
The next day, the southern group in Stalingrad was defeated by the Soviets. Soviet forces reached the entrance to the German headquarters.
General Schmidt surrendered the headquarters. Paulus said he had not surrendered and refused to order the remaining German forces to surrender. Four Soviet armies attacked the remaining northern group.
On 2 February, General Strecker surrendered. Around 91, tired, ill, wounded, and starving prisoners were taken, including 3, Romanians the survivors of the 20th Infantry Division, 1st Cavalry Division and "Col.
Voicu" Detachment. Hitler was angry and said that Paulus should have killed himself, but instead "he prefers to go to Moscow.
The German public was not officially told of the loss until the end of January , though positive media reports had stopped in the weeks before the announcement.
It was a major defeat where German losses were almost equal to those of the Soviets. Prior losses of the Soviet Union were generally three times as high as the German ones.
On 18 February, Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels gave the Sportpalast speech in Berlin, encouraging the Germans to accept a total war.
Out of the nearly , German prisoners captured in Stalingrad, only about 6, ever returned. They were sent to prisoner camps and later to labour camps all over the Soviet Union.
Some 35, were eventually sent on transports, of which 17, did not survive. Some were kept in the city to help rebuild.
Some senior officers were taken to Moscow and used for propaganda purposes. Some of them joined the National Committee for a Free Germany.
Some, including Paulus, signed anti-Hitler statements that were broadcast to German troops. Paulus testified for the prosecution during the Nuremberg Trials.
It was not until that the last of the , survivors were repatriated to West Germany. During the defence of Stalingrad, the Red Army used six armies 8th , 28th , 51st , 57th , 62nd and 64th Armies in and around the city.
An additional nine armies in the final attack on the Germans. Counting how many people were killed and wounded in the battle of Stalingrad is hard.
One way is to only count the fighting within the city and suburbs. Another way of counting is to count all the fighting on the southern part of the Soviet-German front from the spring of to the winter of Different scholars have made different estimates depending on how widely you consider the battle.
The Axis had from , to , casualties killed, wounded, captured among all branches of the German armed forces and its allies  :p.
The remainder of the POWs died in Soviet captivity. On 2 February , the fighting of Axis troops in Stalingrad stopped. Out of the 91, prisoners taken by the Soviets, 3, were Romanian.
The Red Army had a total of 1,, total casualties;  , men killed or missing and , wounded. These numbers are for the whole Don region; in the city itself , were killed, captured, or wounded.
Anywhere from 25, to 40, Soviet civilians died in Stalingrad and its suburbs during a single week of aerial bombing by Luftflotte 4 as the German 4th Panzer and 6th Armies got close to the city;  the total number of civilians killed in the regions outside the city is unknown.
In all, the battle resulted in an estimated total of 1. In the original plan, the occupation of Stalingrad had not been a goal. Based on the military successes of the Germans in the first month of the attacks, Hitler decided to expand the military goals.
Hitler thought that the Soviet forces across the Don river were weak. The new goals included Stalingrad and even capturing the Volga. Once the Armies began to fight in the for the city, both sides began to feel that it was very important to win.
The Germans sent a lot of troops into the city. This meant that their side did not control the Don river and the Soviet bridges. The German focus on the city made them not think of the weakness of their defenses along the Don and the massive buildup of Soviet forces on their sides.
After the Soviet breakthrough, the Germans were very disorganized. The 6th Army was eventually reorganized in time for the Battle of Kursk , but was made up mostly of new soldiers and was never as strong as it had once been.
Eingekesselt: Die Schlacht um Stalingrad im deutschsprachigen Roman nach : German Life and Civilization Journal No 23 ,: Peter Lang publishers.
Clark, Alan Enemy at the Gates: The Battle for Stalingrad New York: Penguin Books paperback, ISBN Dibold, Hans Doctor at Stalingrad.
Littleton, CO: Aberdeen, hardcover, ISBN Einsiedel, Heinrich Graf von ; Wieder, Joachim. Stalingrad: Memories and Reassessments.
New York: Sterling Publishing, paperback, ISBN ; London: Cassell, paperback, ISBN Erickson, John. The Road to Stalingrad: Stalin's War with Germany, Vol.
Boulder, CO: Westview Press, hardcover, ISBN ; New York: HarperCollins Publishers, hardcover, ISBN ; New Haven, CT; London: Yale University Press, paperback, ISBN ; London: Cassell, paperback, ISBN Golovanov, A.
Delta NB, Moscow. Goodwin, Doris Kearns Pymble, NSW, Australia: Leaping Horseman Books hardcover, ISBN Hoyt, Edwin Palmer.
New York: A Forge Book, paperback, ISBN The fighting was of unprecedented intensity; the city's central railway station changed hands thirteen times, and the Mamayev Kurgan one of the highest points of the city was captured and recaptured eight times.
By early November, the German forces controlled 90 percent of the city and had cornered the Soviets in two narrow pockets, but they were unable to eliminate the last pockets of Soviet resistance before Soviet forces launched a huge counterattack on November This resulted in the Soviet encirclement of the German Sixth Army and other Axis units.
In the Soviet Union awarded Stalingrad the title Hero City for its resistance. Great Britain's King George VI awarded the citizens of Stalingrad the jeweled " Sword of Stalingrad " in recognition of their bravery.
A number of cities around the world especially those that had suffered similar wartime devastation established sister, friendship, and twinning links see list below in the spirit of solidarity or reconciliation.
One of the first "sister city" projects was that established during World War II between Stalingrad and Coventry in the United Kingdom ; both had suffered extensive devastation from aerial bombardment.
On 10 November , Nikita Khrushchev 's administration changed the name of the city to Volgograd "Volga City" as part of his programme of de-Stalinization following Stalin's death.
He was trying to reduce the "cult of personality". This action was and remains somewhat controversial, because Stalingrad has such importance as a symbol of resistance during World War II.
During Konstantin Chernenko 's brief administration in , proposals were floated to revive the city's historic name for that reason. There is a strong degree of local support for a reversion, but the Russian government has not accepted such proposals.
Grebennikov became Russia's youngest mayor of a federal subject administrative center at the time. In , Russian monarchists and leaders of the Orthodox organizations demanded that the city should take back its original name of Tsaritsyn, but the authorities rejected their proposal.
On January 30, , the Volgograd City Council passed a measure to use the title " Hero City Stalingrad" in city statements on nine specific dates annually.
In addition, 50, people signed a petition to Vladimir Putin , asking that the city's name be permanently changed to Stalingrad.
In , the City Duma canceled direct election of the mayor and confirmed the position of City Manager. This was short-lived, as in March , Volgograd residents voted for relevant amendments to the city charter to reinstate the direct mayoral elections.
Volgograd is the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast. Modern Volgograd remains an important industrial city.
Industries include shipbuilding , oil refining , steel and aluminum production, manufacture of heavy machinery and vehicles, and chemical production.
The large Volgograd Hydroelectric Plant is a short distance to the north of Volgograd. Volgograd is a major railway junction served by the Privolzhskaya Railway.
Rail links from the Volgograd railway station include Moscow; Saratov; Astrakhan; the Donbas region of Ukraine ; the Caucasus and Siberia.
It stands at the east end of the Volga—Don Canal , opened in to link the two great rivers of Southern Russia. European route E40 , the longest European route connecting Calais in France with Ridder in Kazakhstan , passes through Volgograd.
The M6 highway between Moscow and the Caspian Sea also passes through the city. The Volgograd Bridge , under construction since , was inaugurated in October The Volgograd International Airport provides air links to major Russian cities as well as Antalya , Yerevan and Aktau.
Volgograd's public transport system includes a light rail service known as the Volgograd metrotram.
Local public transport is provided by buses, trolleybuses and trams. The Volga River still is a very important communication channel. Volgograd hosts one of the few floating churches in the world: the floating church of Saint Vladimir of Volgograd.
Volgograd International Airport. For this role, the original preliminary designs considered a vessel of 20, tons displacement, armaments comprised of mm main battery guns, a knot speed, and a range of 10, nautical miles at 20 knots.
Many of these details were adopted from the design processes behind Project Initial debates did foresee an increase of displacement to 25, tons and an upgrade of main armaments to a proprietary mm caliber, but the commencement of Operation Barbarossa put the work on Project 69 and Project 82 on hold.
The project was revived again in late , this time with updated requirements to the role of the new vessels: the protection of friendly naval aviation assets as part of a new combined carrier force doctrine.
Most of the original parameters were retained, save for the replacement of the torpedo launchers with more anti-aircraft batteries. A re-assessment in late included further modifications: a reduction in top speed to 33 knots, a main battery of mm, increase of secondary batteries to mm guns, as well as the addition of heavy anti-air batteries in the form of 45mm, 37mm, and 23mm later changed to 25mm cannons.
The Soviet Navy was satisfied with the aforementioned specs, but the shipbuilding committee prevented further progress due to a lack of a foreseeable necessity of heavy cruisers.
Regardless, the Navy was undeterred and continued on; in their eyes the new vessels would be used defensively to protect Soviet coasts and engage enemy carrier groups.
Interestingly, in a government assembly in , the General Secretary of the Community Part himself, Josef Stalin, requested that the main battery caliber be increased to mm; this later became treated as an official decree.
More pressingly, the Soviets at the time were incapable of building large ships, so any new vessels would only be improvements of current designs under construction.
Therefore, the compromise agreed upon was the allow time for infrastructure to develop, optimistically by the early s.
Subsequently, further design discussions were postponed till the late s. When such work was re-started, the Navy and the Shipbuilding Committee put for a joint proposal of the preliminary design: main battery between mm, 40, tons displacement, a mm main armor belt, and a 6, nautical mile range at 18 knots.
The specs were given to design bureau TsKB, who created 4 sketches; mostly differing in the secondary battery and machinery layout. One sketch was selected and the technical design was started but Stalin intervened.
He wanted a smaller ship with a top speed of 35 knots, so the rear secondary turrets and their respective magazines were deleted.
As the cruisers would fight close to friendly ports, their ammunition supplies could be sacrificed. He believed aircraft engaging the ships would have to fly low, so a large secondary battery was not as critical.
Additionally, light AA could be sacrificed as escorting ships would be tasked with providing cover. The final technical design was completed and approved by A final review in added a clipper bow — increasing the length of the ship by 10 meters — and the belt was thickened by 30mm.
Her hull was to be of completely welded construction, and she was the first Soviet warship with a complete flush deck from bow to stern.
Furthermore she had reinforced construction in the shape of a triple bottom hull and 23 separate watertight compartments. To achieve the planned knot speed the designers opted for a total of 12 water-tube boilers feeding into 4 geared steam turbines, generating a potential of , shaft horse power.
The machinery would have been organized into an alternating configuration of boiler rooms and turbine rooms, with each boiler and turbine room housing three boilers and two turbines, respectively.
A main belt mm thick, with supplementary armor of 50 and mm thick found above and below the main belt protected the citadel.
Transverse bulkheads of and mm thickness would close off the citadel fore and aft, respectively.